Daskathia dance is among prime folk dances of Odisha state. This dance has a vast variety of steps involved. Different shades of the dance are in practice at a smaller distance and a little change of language. The styles of the dance show the unity in diversity of the country. The words Daskathia carry the meaning in two steps. “Das” carries the meaning of a “Slave” or the worshipper, whereas “Kathia” carries the meaning of ‘Wooden sticks”. In this dance, there is a vital importance of wooden stick, specially designed according to the dance steps and story being displayed. If the story is simple, narrow sticks will do but in case the story is much hyperbolic and related to some bravery aspects, the sticks will be thicker as the hitting of the sticks on ground is only the impressive movement of this dance. The songs used in this dance are generally hyperbolic.
This dance is generally performed in a colorful dress. Though climatic conditions of Odisha have restricted almost the dance costumes for men only upto Banyans but this dance is an exception. Dancers wear white Banyan and red Dhoti during performance. In their legs, some jewelry is also worn. In the wrists of performers a band made of raw leather is used and they tie a Rumal with it. Left hand of the dancers is full of ‘Ghunghru” the musical instrument. This combination creates music with every hit of stick on earth with the music beat.
The dance performance is made by two partners. One is musician and other one is dancer. During the dance, musician-cum-singer sings the lyrics and dancers keep jumping and hitting the stick on ground with the music. This dance is really good to see live because the impact created by the performers is much more than description. Generally the songs selected for this dance, are Daskathia songs which are specially written for performances. No loud music and instruments are used in this dance performance but with the help of few instruments and art of the performers, this dance creates a stamp on the spectator.
Odiya language is used in this dance performance.